When women in California face discrimination on the job, the financial impact may be immediately visible. Women may not be hired for jobs, they may face termination more quickly, or they may lose out on promotions for which they were qualified. This can quickly add up to thousands of dollars lost due to gender discrimination. However, there are other serious effects that can accompany workplace discrimination. Many victims’ mental and even physical health may suffer, especially if they deal with stress due to retaliation or complaints that are not taken seriously by their employers.
The health effects of workplace discrimination also may affect people differently depending on their wealth and social position. According to various studies, around 10% of American women reported experiencing or witnessing gender discrimination on the job. However, while 13% of women with masters’ or doctoral degrees reported mistreatment or sexual harassment, only 7% of women with less than a high school diploma reported the same. There may be a number of reasons for the disparity. Women with less formal education may be more likely to be employed in primarily female, caregiving-type positions, while women with higher education may be more likely to work in male-dominated industries.
In addition, working-class women may be more likely to be employed in professions that offer few options for promotions and raises; they may never run into the “glass ceiling.” However, because these women also are more likely to have poor health insurance, low wages and little job protection, they may suffer far more significantly from discriminatory practices and sexual harassment on the job.
Women in a wide range of professions continue to lose out on fair wages due to employment discrimination, while also struggling with the non-financial effects. An employment law attorney may help workers to protect their rights and seek justice.