As a disabled individual, you understand the problems and barriers you face every day, from not being able to get into buildings without an accessible entrance to lacking access to medical equipment in public spaces. There are five accessibility barriers that affect people with disabilities: They include physical barriers, communication barriers, attitudinal barriers, organizational and technological barriers.
The five barriers to accessibility
Physical disability access barriers include a lack of access to buildings for those in wheelchairs or individuals with other mobility problems. Communication disability access barriers step from individual disabilities, such as hearing or visual impairment. These barriers include the lack of braille, poor access to sign language interpreters or other communication access features.
Attitudinal disability access barriers include people who look at those with disabilities as lesser than others, and organizational disability access barriers refers to inconsistencies in policies, procedures and practices, which ends up disadvantaging certain people. Technological disability access barriers include the lack of accessible technology to the intended audience, such as websites or apps with features for those who are blind or have low vision, and other forms of assistive technology.
There are disability access laws that require buildings and other spaces to be more accessible to people with disabilities. This includes providing ramps for wheelchairs, braille signage for the visually impaired and hearing assistance devices like amplification systems or assistive listening devices.
Also, disability access laws require provision of clear disability-related information in accessible formats, such as braille or large print. Organizational or systemic disability issues are often addressed by instituting the relevant disability-related policies and practices in organizations.
Although disability issues and access barriers exist, there is hope for those who face them. In California, there are laws and policies in place to help people with disability issues overcome the different access barriers. Companies and organizations that don’t follow these laws can be held accountable.