Residents of California may want to learn more about the many forms of discrimination that are present in today’s workplace. An employee may feel this discrimination that might relate to age, disability, genetic information, national origin, pregnancy, race or skin color, religion, or sex. Even though Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it unlawful to discriminate against employees, it is still an issue that a worker may face.
According to state and federal law, it is also illegal for an employer to retaliate against an employee who files a discrimination complaint. Companies may not treat an employee unfairly. But what are some of the areas where discrimination occurs?
Some types of discrimination
The following are some areas where discrimination may be present:
- Color of skin
- National origin
- Physical or mental disability
- Genetic information
- Relationship to one with discrimination
- Parenthood or pregnancy
Harassment is a type of discrimination
Harassment happens when another employee, manager or someone else in the workplace makes an unwanted behavior or causes a hostile work environment. The behavioral action may have a base relating to race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), nationality, age, disability, or genetic information. While the harasser may deem their actions as funny, it is still against the law.
Age discrimination happens
You cannot be a target of workplace discrimination because of your age. Ads for a job cannot state an age. Promotions and apprenticeships can not depend on the age of the worker.
Disability discrimination is illegal
The Americans With Disabilities Act specifically stated this. Employers need to make “reasonable accommodations” for a disabled employee.
In 2020, the Supreme Court decided that a worker fired because they are transgender or gay violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Before that time, it was up to the states to grant protection, something that did not happen often.
The highest discrimination numbers
The EEOC records retaliation by employers as the most pervasive. Discrimination by disability follows, with race and sex discrimination next.